Model Predictive Control for SAG Milling in Minerals Processing

Introduction. SAG and ball mills are generally accepted as the largest power consumers in a mining and ... In a closed circuit the discharge flows from the mill to a sump and is ... maintain a stable process at high throughput – for power efficiency ... to determine control actions to be taken with actual operators as the model.

cement grinding optimisation - zenith

The throughput of current conventional closed grinding circuit can be increased by 10-20% by pre-crushing the clinker using ... To optimise cement grinding, standard Bond grinding calculations can be used as well as modelling ... There are efficiency factors for dry grinding, open circuit ball milling, mill diameter, oversize...

Mineral Processing - Milling - Practical Action

material the lower the throughput for a given size requirement. Another ... The milling circuit is the complete mill system from beginning ... In a closed ... to determine the suitability of a mineral for processing in an autogenous mill. ... Ball mills are similar in concept to the rod mill but are charged with steel balls in place of the.

Optimization of Comminution Circuit Throughput and Product Size ...

Figure 3: Secondary Grinding Flowsheet with Open-Circuit Grinding Mill 9. Figure 4: Circuit ... circuit/closed circuit grinding process shown in Figure 4. Figure 11:...

Implementing strategies to improve mill capacity and ... - SAIMM

including improved throughput, reduced power consumption, coarser grind and reduced reagent ... History. Traditionally the classification systems used in closed grinding circuits comprised of ... (Refer Appendix 1 for efficiency calculations). The end .... Figure 6. SAG Mill (semi-autogenous) followed by Secondary Ball Mill.

Determining the Bond Efficiency of industrial grinding circuits

Obtain the circuit throughput rate (dry tonnage). ... Calculate the Standard Circuit Bond Work Index (WiSTD) for the material being ... product fineness to apply—the ball mill circuit P80 should ..... Bond closed circuit grindability tests. In.

startling effect of ball scats removal on sag mill performance - Gekko

Mill throughput is sensitive to changes in the ore type and a collaborative effort ... of 40%. Unlike the majority of RoM mills, it is in closed circuit with a cluster of .... The ball load in the mill, prior to the removal of the scats, was calculated from the...

cement grinding optimisation - zenith

The throughput of current conventional closed grinding circuit can be increased by 10-20% by pre-crushing the clinker using ... To optimise cement grinding, standard Bond grinding calculations can be used as well as modelling ... There are efficiency factors for dry grinding, open circuit ball milling, mill diameter, oversize...

Performance of direct and reverse Samarco grinding circuits - SciELO

The former is equipped with a reverse-configured ball mill closed grinding circuit, while the latter is equipped with ball mills under a direct closed circuit. ... Hydrocyclones are largely employed due to their simplicity and large throughput. ... From the operational data, it was possible to calculate the Operating Work Index and...

OMC Power-Based Comminution Calculations for Design, Modelling ...

The desired throughput of the mill is multiplied by the specific energy to give the ... conventional crushing and grinding circuits (crusher-rod-ball mill or ..... using calculated F80 values, based on ore hardness and crusher closed side setting.

Bond Tests | Mining | SGS

The test requires calibration against the standard Bond Ball Mill Work Index ... It is used to show the orebody hardness profile and to predict throughput in a ball mill circuit. ... Bond F. C., “Crushing & Grinding Calculations”, Reprint from British ... The test is a closed-circuit dry grindability test performed in a standard rod mill.

grinding circuit design at kubak using spi and bond - Starkey ...

long secondary ball mill in closed circuit with cyclones, was built using SAG Power Index and Bond Ball Mill Work Index testing to determine the grinding energy ..... for the grinding circuit design was to achieve 81 tonnes per hour throughput.

Cement mill notebook - SlideShare

Jan 7, 2015 ... Nael Shabana 20105~ Figure: Closed circuit mill The choice ... 3.2 Calculation of the Critical Mill Speed: G: weight of a grinding ball in kg. ..... For higher throughput, grinding in closed circuit with separators are recommended.

A Pilot-Scale Examination of a High Pressure Grinding Roll ... - IsaMill

calculate the specific work index for each stage of comminution, based on the ... pressure grinding roll in closed circuit with a screen followed by a ball mill in ..... The effect on specific throughput for closed-circuit testing is shown in Figure 12.

Bond Ball Mill Index - JKTech

... used to determine the grinding power required for a given throughput of material under ball mill grinding consitions. ... closed circuit with a laboratory screen.

Effects of Ball Milling Conditions on Breakage Response of Baban ...

The Bond's Work Index is generally used as a measure of the resistance of a ... The ball size influence mill throughput, power consumption and progeny size [14], [15] .... The implication for closed circuit milling is that the classifier or the particle...

Effect of circulating load and classification efficiency on HPGR and ...

Both ball mills and HPGRs are typically used in closed circuit with classifiers. ... effect of circulating load, and also that the throughput benefits of higher circulating load .... The recycle material was mixed with a calculated amount of fresh feed...

grinding circuit design at kubak using spi and bond - Starkey ...

long secondary ball mill in closed circuit with cyclones, was built using SAG Power Index and Bond Ball Mill Work Index testing to determine the grinding energy ..... for the grinding circuit design was to achieve 81 tonnes per hour throughput.

Grinding in Ball Mills: Modeling and Process Control - Cybernetics ...

Keywords: Ball mills, grinding circuit, process control. I. Introduction. Grinding in .... closed-circuit systems are shown in Fig. 1. Fig. 1 ... contamination, increasing the throughput of the grinding circuit and reducing the production ... Standard sieves are used to determine quantitatively the size of the particles in each size class.

Effect of Milling Environment on the Breakage Rates in Dry and Wet ...

In ball milling the rates of breakage vary primarily with the size distribution of powder in the mill. Using an ... in the mill. Such variations have strong implications in closed-circuit grinding. .... A number of factors determine the breakage rate of particles. .... of grind or in producing a finer product at constant mill throughput.

Size Reduction

to determine the impact breakage of numerous materials by an im- pact device that ... throughput and energy requirement to produce cement with a ... separators in closed circuit with ball mills. Pirockij ... method often used for ball-mill circuits.

Optimization of Comminution Circuit Throughput and Product Size ...

Figure 3: Secondary Grinding Flowsheet with Open-Circuit Grinding Mill 9. Figure 4: Circuit ... circuit/closed circuit grinding process shown in Figure 4. Figure 11:...

Mine-to-mill optimisation: effect of feed size on mill throughput

has on concentrator throughput. ... mills and onto the secondary ball mill circuits, ... the main calculations used to size the plant ...... Using closed water circulation.

Using the SMC Test® to Predict Comminution Circuit ... - SMC Testing

calculations. Figure 1 – Examples of Open and Closed Circuit Crushing Distributions Compared with a Typical Ball Mill Cyclone Overflow Distribution. 10. 100.

Comminution 2012 - Proceedings.com

Apr 20, 2012 ... the potential to increase the throughput in the comminution circuit, while decreasing the ... device to determine the influence of equipment parameters on fragmentation. ..... closed ball mill – cyclone circuit is around 250%.

Fragmentation and comminution - InfoMine

was a significant increase in mill throughput ... 34 x 16.4', 13 MW SAG mill in closed circuit with two MP800 pebble crushers. SAG milling is followed by a 24 x 39', 13 MW ball mill in closed circuit with a ... to determine how to best exploit hidden.

Bond Tests | Mining | SGS

The test requires calibration against the standard Bond Ball Mill Work Index ... It is used to show the orebody hardness profile and to predict throughput in a ball mill circuit. ... Bond F. C., “Crushing & Grinding Calculations”, Reprint from British ... The test is a closed-circuit dry grindability test performed in a standard rod mill.

MillStar - MINTEK | MINTEK

Individual customisation; Improved control of mill feed rate. ... By optimising the recirculating load in a milling circuit it is possible to maximise the possible throughput of the milling ... size of the hydrocyclone overflow product on a closed loop milling circuit. ... This helps plant personnel to determine when to add steel balls.

UBC MINE331 Lecture Notes - SAGMILLING.COM

Nov 11, 2015 ... SUBJECT: SAG MILL + BALL MILL CIRCUIT SIZING. Summary: ... tiplying the specific energy by the desired throughput. Then a motor size and...

grinding: an overview of operation and design - Minerals Research ...

energy relationships, types of mills, control factors and design of such circuits. ... Ball Mills . . . . Autogenous Mills . Grinding Circuits . Open Circuit Grinding . Closed Circuit Grinding ..... calculated for any tumbling mill using the formula (Fig. 3) :...

Applying grindcurves to mill operation and optimisation - Multotec

Feb 28, 2009 ... low aspect SAG mill operated with a very high ball load in closed circuit, the ... 2001) for a range of ore hardness, AG/SAG operation, open circuit .... Calculated mill throughput curves after Morrell (Powell et al., 2001). 1000.

What can go wrong in comminution circuit design? (PDF Download ...

The design of semi-autogenous grinding (SAG) mill based comminution. circuits for the .... the bond ball mill work indices determinations gave ... In general, the impact or crushing work indices (CWi) calculated ..... mine blast design are critical inputs to SAG mill throughput ..... CSS = primary crusher closed side setting in mm.

Optimum choice of the make-up ball sizes for maximum throughput ...

Jun 27, 2013 ... A grinding circuit simulation combined with ball weal law was used to ... The optimum composition of the make-up ball sizes in ball mills is presented. .... This equation allows the calculation of the product size distribution from a mill ..... the most common circuit — the normal closed circuit as shown in Fig.